The Incarnation of Jesus Christ
(God clothed Himself with a human body)
(doctrine of mainline Christianity)

Shared with you by
Kraig J. Rice

The incarnation of Jesus is when the powerful, loving, and eternal God of the universe came to earth and robed Himself in a body of human flesh. In other words the incarnation was when the eternal Second Person of the Trinity became a man. The actions of Jesus doing this is called His incarnation.

(clicking on these links will move you down the page)
Jesus Christ: God In the Flesh When Did the Incarnation Take Place?
The Virgin Birth of Jesus Christ The Incarnation Helps Reveal Who Jesus Is
Jesus Christ: God and Man Jesus Christ: Fully Man
The Genealogy of Jesus Christ The Young Years of Jesus Christ
More Scriptures For Reflection  

Jesus Christ: Fully God

Why in the world would God want to become a man? Well, that's the age-old question that mankind has strived to understand for hundreds of years. Some folks have thought that He wanted to better understand us, so that is why He became a man. Some folks have thought that He just wanted to come down to our level, so that is why He became a man. Some folks have thought that He was manifesting His love towards us by becoming, literally, one of us. Some folks have thought that He wanted to teach us how we are to become like Him. Some folks have thought that He set the example of how we are to live and what we are to do. Some folks have thought that He came to teach us the way to salvation, how to stay away from sin, and how to get to Heaven. Some folks have thought that He came to emphasize virtues- virtues such as obedience, forgiveness, mercy, loving-kindness, patience, etc. He became a man and showed us these virtues so that we could follow in His footsteps and also show these same virtues to others. And there are other reasons not mentioned here. All these reasons may be good but I think that there is one primary factor of why Jesus had to become a man. Here is what the bible says:
"So the Lord God said to the serpent:
...I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise His heel"
(Genesis 3:14-15).

Jesus gave this promise after the fall of mankind when mankind transferred it's ownership from God to Satan and mankind gave it's full authority to Satan. Jesus would have to come as a divine Man to die a sacrificial death to redeem fallen mankind from sin. All through the Old Testament we see the sacrificial lamb that is slain for sin. Christ is our Sacrificial Lamb
(Revelation 5:12). Christ would also have to destroy the works of Satan and tear down Satan's strong holds. And He would have to establish the church to carry on His works after He went back to Heaven.

"And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth. John (the Baptist) bore witness of Him and cried out, saying: This was He of whom I said: He who comes after me is preferred before me, for He was before me. And of His fullness we have all received, and grace for grace. For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ"
(John 1:14-18).

"Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus, who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men. And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross. Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father"
(Philippians 2:5-11).

"Beyond all question, the mystery of godliness is great: He appeared in a body, was vindicated by the Spirit, was seen by angels, was preached among the nations, was believed on in the world, was taken up in glory"
(1 Timothy 3:16).

"In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God"
(John 1:1).

(From a tiny seed, a mighty oak will grow)

When Did the Incarnation Take Place?

The incarnation took place when God came to earth and was born in the body of a tiny human baby. The virgin birth of God the Son was prophesied in the Old Testament:
"Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His name Immanuel"
(Isaiah 7:14).

The fulfillment of this prophecy came when the angel Gabriel announced to the virgin Mary that she was chosen above all women for this great honor:
"How will this be," Mary asked the angel, "since I am a virgin?" [Literally: Since I have never had sexual relations with a man?] The angel answered, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God"
(Luke 1:34-35). (NIV)

"But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons"
(Galatians 4:4-5).

"But while he (Joseph) thought about these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take to you Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. And she will bring forth a Son, and you shall call His name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins. So all this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying: Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel, which is translated, "God with us"
(Matthew 1:20-23).

We are over dressed
wrapped up in ourselves

The Virgin Birth of Jesus Christ

What is important about Christ's virgin birth? The virgin birth was necessary so that the blood of Christ remained sinless. Only sinless blood would take away the sins of humanity.

The doctrine of the virgin birth is very important
(Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:23; Luke 1:27,34). First, let�s look at how scripture describes the blessed event. In response to Mary�s query, "how?," Gabriel says,
"The Holy Spirit shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee"
(Luke 1:35). The angel encourages Joseph to marry Mary with these words: "that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit"
(Matthew 1:20). Matthew states that the virgin "was found with child of the Holy Spirit"
(Matthew 1:18). Galatians 4:4 also clearly teaches the Virgin Birth: "God sent forth His Son, made of a virgin."

From these passages, it is certainly clear that Jesus� birth was the result of the Holy Spirit working within Mary�s body. So, one might ask: did God have sexual intercourse with Mary? Absolutely not, and He did not take a temporary physical body to have sex with her, either. Rather, God the Holy Spirit did the work as only He can do. Mary was a compliant and willing "vessel." Only God could perform the miracle of the Incarnation.

Scripture teaches that Jesus was fully human, with a physical body like ours. This body He received from God through Mary. At the same time, Jesus was fully God, with an eternal, sinless nature
(See John 1:14; Acts 20:28; 1 Timothy 3:16; and Hebrews 2:14-17).

Jesus was not born in sin; that is, He had no sin nature
(Hebrews 7:26). Some folks think that the sin nature is passed down from generation to generation through the father
(Romans 5:12, 17, 19). The Virgin Birth prevented the transmission of the original sin nature and allowed the eternal Son of God to become a perfect man.

Human spirit FAILS
The Holy Spirit FILLS

The miracle of the virgin birth of Jesus Christ has made many people doubt because it is hard for them to understand something that they have never experienced. However, some things have to be accepted on faith and this is one of them. God decided that He would have a miraculous entrance into humanity and this is what happened.

God gave a scripture seven hundred years before the birth of Christ so folks would not doubt His plan. The prophet Isaiah said, "Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, the virgin will be with child and bear a son, and she will call His name Immanuel"
(Isaiah 7:14) (NASB).

The New Testament records the fulfillment of Isaiah's prophecy:

"Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee called Nazareth, to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the descendants of David; and the virgin's name was Mary ... And the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary: for you have found favor with God. And behold, you will conceive in your womb, and bear a son, and you shall name Him Jesus..."
"And Mary said to the angel, "How can this be, since I am a virgin?"
"And the angel answered and said to her, "The Holy Spirit, will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the holy offspring shall be called the Son of God ... For nothing will be impossible with God"
(Luke 1:27-37) (NASB).
The virgin birth is set down in the Bible as an historical fact. Mary told this true story to everyone and it was never a secret. The writers who recorded this true story for us were Matthew- an eyewitness to the events in the life of Jesus- and "Doctor" Luke, who presented many things in the life of Christ from Mary's viewpoint.

But later, some of the Jewish leaders did not believe the fact of Jesus virgin birth and were quick to hurl hurtful accusations against Him in that regard:
"No, you are obeying your real father (the devil) when you act that way." They replied, "We were not born out of wedlock! Our true Father is God himself." Jesus told them, "If God were your Father, you would love Me, because I have come to you from God. I am not here on My own, but He sent Me"
(John 8:41-42).

The doctrine of the virgin birth has been believed by the church from its very beginning. Ignatius, an early church leader, who lived at the start of the second century, wrote to the Ephesians: "For our God, Jesus the Christ, was conceived in the womb by Mary, according to a dispensation, of the seed of David but also of the Holy Ghost."

The Bible teaches that Jesus was God from the very beginning
(John 1:1). The fact of the pre-existence of Christ is confirmed many times in the New Testament
(John 8:58; Philippians 2:5-11; Colossians 1:15, 16).

As God the Son, Jesus was never created, either in the beginning or in His incarnation. Why? Because He is eternally existent. He limited Himself to a human body in His incarnation but the incarnation was not His beginning. It was just His start as the sinless God-Man on planet earth.

Jesus needed to be virgin-born with a sinless nature. A basic New Testament teaching is that from the day He was born until the day He died, Jesus was without sin. To be a perfect sacrifice, He must Himself be perfect- without sin. Since our human race is contaminated with sin, a miraculous entrance into the world was required, (the virgin birth), and that is exactly what happened.

If Jesus had been sired by Joseph, He would not have been able to claim all the kingly rights to the throne of David. According to the prophecy of
Jeremiah 22:28-30, there was a permanent curse from God on the rulership of King Jeconiah's family and
Matthew 1:12 relates that Joseph was from the line of Jeconiah. Jesus would have been of the cursed lineage. What was that about?

The Curse on Jehoiakim

So, what was this curse from God about?

The Curse:
Jehoiakim was a king of Israel. He angered God by burning a scroll that Jeremiah the prophet wrote. God cursed Jehoiakim by indicating that his family dynasty as kingly rulers would come to a permanent end. This curse would stay in effect from generation to generation.

"...the officials sent Jehudi son of Nethaniah, grandson of Shelemiah, and great-grandson of Cushi, to ask Baruch to come and read the messages to them, too. So Baruch took the scroll and went to them. Sit down and read the scroll to us, the officials said, and Baruch did as they requested. By the time Baruch had finished reading, they were badly frightened. We must tell the king what we have heard, they said. But first, tell us how you got these messages. Did they come directly from Jeremiah? So Baruch explained, Jeremiah dictated them to me word by word, and I wrote down his words with ink on this scroll. You and Jeremiah should both hide, the officials told Baruch. Don't tell anyone where you are! Then the officials left the scroll for safekeeping in the room of Elishama the secretary and went to tell the king. The king sent Jehudi to get the scroll. Jehudi brought it from Elishama's room and read it to the king as all his officials stood by. It was late autumn, and the king was in a winterized part of the palace, sitting in front of a fire to keep warm. Whenever Jehudi finished reading three or four columns, the king took his knife and cut off that section of the scroll. He then threw it into the fire, section by section, until the whole scroll was burned up. Neither the king nor his officials showed any signs of fear or repentance at what they heard. Even when Elnathan, Delaiah, and Gemariah begged the king not to burn the scroll, he wouldn't listen. Then the king commanded his son Jerahmeel, Seraiah son of Azriel, and Shelemiah son of Abdeel to arrest Baruch and Jeremiah. But the LORD had hidden them. After the king had burned Jeremiah's scroll, the LORD gave Jeremiah another message. He said,

"Get another scroll, and write everything again just as you did on the scroll King Jehoiakim burned. Then say to the king, This is what the LORD says: You burned the scroll because it said the king of Babylon would destroy this land and everything in it. Therefore thus says the Lord concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah: he shall have no one to (permanently) sit on the throne of David, and his dead body shall be cast out to the heat of the day and the frost of the night. I will punish him and his family and his officials because of their sins. I will pour out on them and on all the people of Judah and Jerusalem all the disasters I have promised, for they would not listen to my warnings."

Then Jeremiah took another scroll and dictated again to his secretary Baruch. He wrote everything that had been on the scroll King Jehoiakim had burned in the fire. Only this time, he added much more!"
(Jeremiah 36:14-31).

And although Jehoiakim had children, scripture indicates that, in time, his family dynasty of rulership did permanently come to an end. This curse would be from generation to generation in that family.

So, is there a problem? When the virgin birth of Jesus took place as it did, there was no problem.

Joseph, the step-father of Jesus, was one of Jehoiakim's descendants (through Jeconiah). Joseph's offspring could not claim David's throne because of the curse. Jesus was and is the legitimate Heir to the throne of David
(Luke 1:32, Acts 2:30, Hebrews 12:2). If Jesus had been born of Joseph, the curse would have been in effect, so therefore Jesus could NOT be the future King of Israel. God had promised David that One of his physical descendants (the Messiah) would reign on the throne of his kingdom forever
(2 Samuel 7:12-13). Therefore, Joseph was excluded from being the genetic father of the future king of Israel. It was impossible to fulfill the requirements of both curse and promise by natural means. One Man had to be both heir to and offspring of David, without being the genetic descendant of Jehoiakim. This problem required a divine solution.

The Solution
God created a solution through the miracle of the virgin birth. Although Joseph was one of Jehoiakim's offspring (through Solomon), Mary was not. She was a descendant of Nathan, one of David's other sons
(Luke 3:31). God's promise to David was fulfilled because Mary was the biological parent of Jesus. The virgin birth also addressed the curse God had pronounced upon Jehoiakim. Kingship was an inherited right. By Joseph, Jesus inherited a legal claim to the throne of David. However, He was exempt from the curse of Jehoiakim because Joseph was not His genetic father. So the miracle of the virgin birth accomplished God's will in two ways. First, it granted Jesus a legal claim to the throne of David. And second, it maintained the integrity of the permanent curse God had pronounced upon Jehoiakim. Jesus was not one of Jehoiakim's offspring and Jesus will rule this world in the near future as the greatest King of Kings and Lord of Lords.

A big problem people have with the virgin birth is its miraculous nature. Scripture does not treat this event as an ordinary occurrence but rather as a supernatural act of God. The miracle of the virgin birth should not pose any special problem to our faith if one believes in the possibility of miracles. The virgin birth is just one of the miracles listed in the bible, besides the feeding of the five thousand, and Jesus walking on the water, etc.

The Incarnation Helps Reveal Who Jesus Is

He is the promised King:

"And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bring forth a Son, and shall call His name Jesus. He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David. And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end"
(Luke 1:31-33).

He reveals God to men:

"No one has ever seen God. But his only Son, who is Himself God, is near to the Father's heart; He has told us about Him"
(John 1:18).

He saves sinners:

"He died for our sins, just as God our Father planned, in order to rescue us from this evil world in which we live"
(Galatians 1:4).

He destroys the works of the devil:

"But when people keep on sinning, it shows they belong to the Devil, who has been sinning since the beginning. But the Son of God came to destroy these works of the Devil"
(1 John 3:8).

He judges men:

"For He has set a day for judging the world with justice by the man He has appointed, and He proved to everyone who this is by raising Him from the dead"
(Acts 17:31).

He brings all things in creation back in submission to God:

"But the fact is that Christ has been raised from the dead. He has become the first of a great harvest of those who will be raised to life again. So you see, just as death came into the world through a man, Adam, now the resurrection from the dead has begun through another man, Christ. Everyone dies because all of us are related to Adam, the first man. But all who are related to Christ, the other man, will be given new life. But there is an order to this resurrection: Christ was raised first; then when Christ comes back, all His people will be raised. After that the end will come, when He will turn the Kingdom over to God the Father, having put down all enemies of every kind. For Christ must reign until He humbles all His enemies beneath His feet. And the last enemy to be destroyed is death. For the Scriptures say, "God has given Him authority over all things." (Of course, when it says "authority over all things," it does not include God Himself, who gave Christ His authority.) Then, when He has conquered all things, the Son will present Himself to God, so that God, who gave His Son authority over all things, will be utterly supreme over everything everywhere"
(1 Corinthians 15:20-28).

"And this is His plan: At the right time He will bring everything together under the authority of Christ- everything in heaven and on earth. Furthermore, because of Christ, we have received an inheritance from God, for He chose us from the beginning, and all things happen just as He decided long ago"
Ephesians 1:10-11).

Jesus Christ Was Fully God and Fully Man At the Same Time

His full humanity is clearly revealed in scripture. Why? It's important in our understanding of Him to know He fully identifies with each individual. He knows what it is like to be here on this earth and knows about joy, security, finances, testing, poverty, suffering, death, etcettera. Also because there was a false teaching in past ages that denied He had a human body.

"But now you seek to kill Me, a Man who has told you the truth which I heard from God. Abraham did not do this..."
(John 8:40).

"For there is one God and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus"
(1 Timothy 2:5).

"Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil...
Therefore, in all things He had to be made like His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people"
(Hebrews 2:14, 17).

His full deity is clearly revealed in scripture:

"This is He of whom I said, after me comes a Man who is preferred before me, for He was before me..."
(John 1:30).

But to the Son He says: "Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your Kingdom. You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of gladness more than Your companions." And: "You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, And the heavens are the work of Your hands. They will perish, but You remain; And they will all grow old like a garment; Like a cloak You will fold them up, And they will be changed. But You are the same, and Your years will not fail..."
(Hebrews 1:8-12).

"For I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my countrymen according to the flesh, who are Israelites, to whom pertain the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the service of God, and the promises; of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, the eternally blessed God. Amen"
(Romans 9:3-5).

"For in Him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily"
(Colossians 2:9).

The Humanity of Jesus Christ

Jesus Christ had a human body:
"But when the right time came, God sent his Son, born of a woman, subject to the law."
(Galatians 4:4).

Jesus Christ exhibited the characteristics of a human being:
"So Jesus grew both in height and in wisdom, and he was loved by God and by all who knew him."
(Luke 2:52).

Here is a brief outline on Christ's humanity. Why is this important? Because some false teachers have taught that Jesus was not fully a man- in other words, He was not fully human. What are some of those false teachings? Here are a couple:
1). The false theory of Docetism denied Christ's humanity and claimed that He only had an appearance of humanity. This theory was off balance and too one-sided.
2). The false theory of Apollinarianism stated that Divine Logos replaced human spirit.

Let's take a look at some scriptures that teach His humanity:

A. Biblical Evidences of Jesus' Humanity

1. He had a human body
"So Jesus grew both in height and in wisdom, and he was loved by God and by all who knew him"
(Luke 2:52).

"For forty days and forty nights he ate nothing and became very hungry"
(Matthew 4:2).

"Jesus knew that everything was now finished, and to fulfill the Scriptures he said, "I am thirsty"
(John 19:28).

"Suddenly, a terrible storm came up, with waves breaking into the boat. But Jesus was sleeping"
(Matthew 8:24).

2. He had human Names and Titles
      Jesus, Son of Man, Son of Abraham, Son of David, Man of Sorrows

3. He stated He was a Man (human)

"But now you seek to kill Me, a Man who has told you the truth which I heard from God. Abraham did not do this"
(John 8:40)
4. His stated that He had a human soul (spirit)
"He told them, "My soul is crushed with grief to the point of death. Stay here and watch with me"
(Matthew 26:38).

"Then Jesus shouted, "Father, I entrust my spirit into your hands!" And with those words he breathed his last"
(Luke 23:46).

"Now Jesus was in great anguish of spirit, and he exclaimed, "The truth is, one of you will betray Me!"
(John 13:21).

5. Here are some Old Testament predictions regarding the humanity of the Messiah
(Genesis 3:15, Isaiah 7:14, Isaiah 53:1-2)
6. Here are some New Testament statements regarding the humanity of Jesus Christ
"For there is only one God and one Mediator who can reconcile God and people. He is the man Christ Jesus"
(I Timothy 2:5).

"So the Word became human and lived here on earth among us. He was full of unfailing love and faithfulness. And we have seen his glory, the glory of the only Son of the Father"
(John 1:14).

"Their ancestors were great people of God, and Christ himself was a Jew as far as his human nature is concerned. And he is God, who rules over everything and is worthy of eternal praise! Amen"
(Romans 9:5).

"And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself and became obedient to death- even death on a cross!"
(Philippians 2:8).

"Therefore, it was necessary for Jesus to be in every respect like us, his brothers and sisters, so that he could be our merciful and faithful High Priest before God. He then could offer a sacrifice that would take away the sins of the people"
(Hebrews 2:17).

B. Here are some biblical expressions of Jesus' Humanity:
1. The gospels reveal His humanity
a. His youthful growth
"So Jesus grew both in height and in wisdom, and he was loved by God and by all who knew him"
(Luke 2:52)
b. His Fatigue
"Jacob's well was there; and Jesus, tired from the long walk, sat wearily beside the well about noontime"
(John 4:6).

"Suddenly, a terrible storm came up, with waves breaking into the boat. But Jesus was sleeping"
(Matthew 8:24).

c. His Hunger
"For forty days and forty nights he ate nothing and became very hungry"
(Matthew 4:2)
d. His Thirst
"Jesus knew that everything was now finished, and to fulfill the Scriptures he said, "I am thirsty"
(John 19:28)
e. His stressful testings
(Matthew Chapter 4 and following)
f. His devout praying
(John Chapter 17; Matthew Chapter 26)
g. His righteous anger
"Jesus went into the synagogue again and noticed a man with a deformed hand. Since it was the Sabbath, Jesus' enemies watched him closely. Would he heal the man's hand on the Sabbath? If He did, they planned to condemn Him. Jesus said to the man, "Come and stand in front of everyone." Then He turned to his critics and asked, "Is it legal to do good deeds on the Sabbath, or is it a day for doing harm? Is this a day to save life or to destroy it?" But they wouldn't answer Him. He looked around at them angrily, because He was deeply disturbed by their hard hearts. Then He said to the man, "Reach out your hand." The man reached out his hand, and it became normal again!"
(Mark 3:1-5)
h. His Heart-felt Compassion
"O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city that kills the prophets and stones God's messengers! How often I have wanted to gather your children together as a hen protects her chicks beneath her wings, but you wouldn't let me"
(Matthew 23:37).
i. His Sorrowful Compassion
"Then Jesus wept"
(John 11:35).
2. The epistles reveal His humanity:
a. He died for us
"What we do see is Jesus, who "for a little while was made lower than the angels" and now is "crowned with glory and honor" because he suffered death for us. Yes, by God's grace, Jesus tasted death for everyone in all the world. And it was only right that God- who made everything and for whom everything was made- should bring his many children into glory. Through the suffering of Jesus, God made him a perfect leader, one fit to bring them into their salvation"
(Hebrews 2:9-10).
b. He calls us His brethren
"So now Jesus and the ones he makes holy have the same Father. That is why Jesus is not ashamed to call them his brothers and sisters"
(Hebrews 2:11).
c. He was made like us in order to be our high priest
"Therefore, it was necessary for Jesus to be in every respect like us, his brothers and sisters, so that he could be our merciful and faithful High Priest before God. He then could offer a sacrifice that would take away the sins of the people. Since he himself has gone through suffering and temptation, he is able to help us when we are being tempted"
(Hebrews 2:17-18).
d. He is personally acquainted with our weaknesses so He can help us
"This High Priest of ours understands our weaknesses, for he faced all of the same temptations we do, yet he did not sin. So let us come boldly to the throne of our gracious God. There we will receive his mercy, and we will find grace to help us when we need it"
(Hebrews 4:15-16).
e. He learned the restrictions of life
"So even though Jesus was God's Son, he learned obedience from the things he suffered"
(Hebrews 5:8).
f. He is mankind's mediator with God
"For there is only one God and one Mediator who can reconcile God and people. He is the man Christ Jesus"
(1 Timothy 2:5)
Jesus is truly human in the fullest sense of the term. We can become all that He is. He is our example. He is fully human in every detail like us except sin. Why? Because original sin is inherited by us through our parents but Jesus was virgin born. And sin (commission and omission) is a choice of our free will. Sometimes we make unwise choices but Jesus didn't.

Christ's humanity is important:

A. We need to follow His example
  • 1 Peter 2:21
  • As man He provided for us the pattern for living as men.
  • B. He has an everlasting Priesthood
  • Hebrews 2:17-18
  • Only as man can Jesus be able to faithfully represent men to God.
  • C. He gives us a daily provision of Grace
  • Hebrews 2:17-18, Hebrews 4:15-16
  • He understands our lives because He has lived it also.
  • Because He understands, coming to Him we "obtain mercy
              and find grace to help in time of need."
  • How will you spend eternity--
    smoking or non-smoking?

    Are there any scriptures that prove that Jesus Christ was a Man? Yes. He was also called the Son of David to prove His heirship to David's throne as well as proving that He was fully Man. Let's take a look at a few scriptures:

    And the Child grew and became strong in spirit, filled with wisdom; and the grace of God was upon Him
    (Luke 2:40).

    Now it happened, on a certain day, that He got into a boat with His disciples. And He said to them, Let us cross over to the other side of the lake. And they launched out. But as they sailed He fell asleep. And a windstorm came down on the lake, and they were filling with water, and were in jeopardy. And they came to Him and awoke Him, saying, Master, Master, we are perishing! Then He arose and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water. And they ceased, and there was a calm. But He said to them, Where is your faith? And they were afraid, and marveled, saying to one another, Who can this be? For He commands even the winds and water, and they obey Him!
    (Luke 8:22-25).

    And Jesus said to him, Foxes have holes and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head
    (Luke 9:58).

    Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied from His journey, sat thus by the well. It was about the sixth hour
    (John 4:6).

    But one of the elders said to me, Do not weep. Behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has prevailed to open the scroll and to loose its seven seals
    (Revelation 5:5).

    Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the seed of David and from the town of Bethlehem, where David was?
    (John 7:42).

    And all the multitudes were amazed and said, Could this be the Son of David?
    (Matthew 12:23).

    And behold, a woman of Canaan came from that region and cried out to Him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, Son of David! My daughter is severely demon-possessed
    (Matthew 15:22).

    Then the multitudes who went before and those who followed cried out, saying: Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!
    (Matthew 21:9).

    Then many warned him to be quiet; but he cried out all the more, Son of David, have mercy on me!
    (Mark 10:48).

    Then Jesus answered and said, while He taught in the temple, How is it that the scribes say that the Christ is the Son of David?
    (Mark 12:35).

    Even when we feel
    God is not

    What do the scriptures say about Christ's humanity?

    "Therefore He had to be made like His brethren in every respect, so that He might become a merciful and faithful High Priest in the service of God, to make expiation for the sins of the people. For because He Himself has suffered and been tempted, He is able to help those who are tempted."
    (Hebrews 2:17-18). "For we have not a High Priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one Who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin."
    (Hebrews 4:15).

    "Made like His brethren in every respect"

    Jesus Christ, as a human, was completely human. He could not have been killed, and been completely dead for 3 days and 3 nights, and resurrected from the dead unless He was human. During His human lifetime He knew hunger, thirst, weariness, joy, grief and temptation. The only difference was that He never sinned.
    "In the morning, as He was returning to the city, He was hungry"
    (Matthew 21:18). "Jacob's well was there, and so Jesus, wearied as He was with His journey, sat down beside the well"
    (John 4:6).

    "And He was in the wilderness forty days, tempted by Satan"
    (Mark 1:13).

    "And behold, there arose a great storm on the sea, so that the boat was being swamped by the waves; but He was asleep. And they went and woke Him, saying, "Save, Lord; we are perishing"
    (Matthew 8:24-25).

    "When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who came with her also weeping, He was deeply moved in Spirit and troubled; and He said, "Where have you laid him?" They said to Him, "Lord, come and see." Jesus wept"
    (John 11:33-35).

    "And being in an agony He prayed more earnestly: and His sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground"
    (Luke 22:44).

    The family that prays together
    Stays together

    The Genealogy of Jesus Christ

    Why look at the two genealogies of Jesus Christ? Because the genealogy (family tree) of Jesus Christ is important to prove His deity. It shows that He is descended from King David. The Messiah had to be descended from King David. Christ is descended from King David. Christ is the Jewish Messiah. In the Bible 2 genealogies are written.

    Matthew wrote His paternal genealogy (His step-father, Joseph)
    (Matthew 1:1-17).

    Luke wrote His maternal genealogy (His mother, Mary)
    (Luke 3:23-38).

    Why are the Jewish family tree lists in the bible so hard to understand? It is because of genealogical abridgement. What in the world is that? I think a good way to explain it is using an example from mathematics. If I have a figure such as 3.72 and I want to round it off as a whole number I would go to the number 4.0. Figuring with whole numbers is much easier than figuring with fractions. That is why the IRS (Internal Revenue Service in the U.S.A.) has us do it that way. It is similar in biblical genealogy in dealing with long lists of names. It is a way of shortening these lists but allowing them at the same time to maintain their integrity.
    Genealogical abridgement occurs not only in Matthew 1:1 in the New Testament, but also in the Old Testament. Take a look at
    Ezra 7:3 and compare it with 1st Chronicles 6:7-10, and you can see how Ezra deliberately skipped six generations from Meriaoth to Azariah (son of Johanan). The word "son" in these genealogical lists could also be used to describe kinship without sonship. Although Zerubbabel was the nephew of Shealtiel
    (1st Chronicles 3:17-19), he was called the "son of Shealtiel"
    (Ezra 3:2, Nehemiah 12:1, Haggai 1:12). We can also look at Jair as another example. He was a distant son-in-law of Manasseh
    (1st Chronicles 2:21-23 and 7:14-15); yet, he was called the "son of Manasseh"
    (Numbers 32:41, Deuteronomy 3:14, 1st Kings 4:13). The point to remember is that the word "son" can mean more in biblical genealogy than immediate descent.

    So, what does all of this have to do with Jesus?

    Both Joseph and Mary were descended from David. Genealogical (family tree) descent from Joseph gave Jesus the legal requirements: the inheritance rights and responsibilities, as these usually went from the father to the oldest son, (or legal step-son), for the line from David; while genealogical (family tree) descent from Mary satisfies the actual physical descent from David. All Messiah requirements, both legal and genetic, are fully met by His miraculous birth. All truth is subject to verification. Jesus Christ is the Jewish Messiah.

    Who Were the Women in Christ's Genealogy?
    Matthew included five women in his genealogy of Christ. This is interesting since it was not customary for Jews to include women in their records. What is even more interesting is the fact that Matthew included some women who had at one time had questionable reputations. The five women included were: Tamar, Rahab, Ruth, Bathsheba, and Mary.

    Like many women, Tamar was a victim of discrimination in a male dominated society. Her husband had died and the law at that time indicated that she was then to marry her dead husband's brother. Later, in the days of Moses, here is what the law of God indicated:

    "If two brothers are living together on the same property and one of them dies without a son, his widow must not marry outside the family. Instead, her husband's brother must marry her and fulfill the duties of a brother-in-law. The first son she bears to him will be counted as the son of the dead brother, so that his name will not be forgotten in Israel"
    (Deuteronomy 25:5-6).

    This true story has some strange twists and turns to it like a modern soap-opera. Tamar was the daughter-in-law of Judah. She was a childless widow, who was given to her dead husband's brother after her husband's death. By this marriage, her offspring would continue the name and inheritance of her dead husband. But things didn't work out for her. So Tamar disguised herself as a harlot and seduced Judah. Through him, she became the mother of Perez (who was in the "blood line" of Jesus). Here is the story in brief from the bible:
    "When his oldest son, Er, grew up, Judah arranged his marriage to a young woman named Tamar. But Er was a wicked man in the LORD's sight, so the LORD took his life. Then Judah said to Er's brother Onan, "You must marry Tamar, as our law requires of the brother of a man who has died. Her first son from you will be your brother's heir." But Onan was not willing to have a child who would not be his own heir. So whenever he had intercourse with Tamar, he spilled the semen on the ground to keep her from having a baby who would belong to his brother. But the LORD considered it a wicked thing for Onan to deny a child to his dead brother. So the LORD took Onan's life, too. Then Judah told Tamar, his daughter-in-law, not to marry again at that time but to return to her parents' home. She was to remain a widow until his youngest son, Shelah, was old enough to marry her. (But Judah didn't really intend to do this because he was afraid Shelah would also die, like his two brothers.) So Tamar went home to her parents. ...So she changed out of her widow's clothing and covered herself with a veil to disguise herself. Then she sat beside the road at the entrance to the village of Enaim, which is on the way to Timnah. Judah noticed her as he went by and thought she was a prostitute, since her face was veiled. So he stopped and propositioned her to sleep with him, not realizing that she was his own daughter-in-law. ...She then let him sleep with her, and she became pregnant"
    (Genesis Chapter 38). NLT

    Rahab: Joshua 2:1-24
    Rahab was a harlot who lived in Jericho. She hid the spies of Joshua. Because of this, the Israelites spared her life and the lives of her family members when they conquered Jericho. She later became the wife of Salmon, and the mother of Boaz. Rahab's faith was later commended
    (Hebrews 11:30-31).

    Ruth: Ruth 1:1-4:22
    Ruth was a foreigner from the land of Moab. She was the widow of a Jew. Her mother-in-law, Naomi, also lived in Moab. Naomi journeyed to Israel after her family died. Ruth's devotion to God was extraordinary. She left her own country to follow Naomi. While in Israel, Ruth was married to Boaz, one of Naomi's relatives. Ruth later became the mother of Obed, the grandfather of King David.

    Bathsheba: 2 Samuel 11:1-27
    Bathsheba was the wife of Uriah the Hittite, who was a soldier in the army of King David. She and David had an adulterous affair. When David discovered Bathsheba was pregnant, he tried to cover it up by summoning Uriah home from war, hoping that Uriah would have intercourse with his wife. Uriah came home to Jerusalem, but refused to lay with Bathsheba as long as the armies of Israel were at war. So, David sent Uriah into battle, with orders that Uriah should NOT be withdrawn when the fighting became fierce. After Uriah was slain in this manner, David took Bathsheba as his own wife. God punished them for this by killing their first child. Bathsheba later became the mother of Solomon.

    Mary: Matthew 1:18-25, Luke 1:26-56
    Mary was the mother of Jesus and the wife of Joseph. She was a virgin when Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit. Joseph was betrothed to Mary when he discovered she was pregnant. He intended to put her away secretly because this was shameful. However, an angel told Joseph what had happened. So Joseph took Mary as his wife, and kept her as a virgin until she gave birth to Jesus. During her pregnancy, Mary spent time with her relative Elizabeth, who was the mother of John the Baptist
    (Luke 1:39-56). Mary was not a perpetual virgin, as she later became the mother of other sons and daughters
    (Matthew 13:55-56). Mary was a widow at the time of Jesus' death. While on the cross, Jesus committed her to the care of John, His beloved apostle
    (John 19:25-27).

    Genealogy was important to the Jews, especially in the legal transfer of property rights.

    Property rights
    Jews carefully maintained accurate genealogical records. They did so primarily because property rights in Israel were linked to family inheritance. When the Jews settled in Israel, the tribes were given portions of the land as an inheritance. Families within each tribe were given parcels of that land. The land could be farmed, developed, or sold. Every 50 years (during the Year of Jubilee) a dispossessed family could lay claim to the parcel of land which their ancestors had received when it was originally distributed. Individuals who could not trace their family had no inheritance in the nation of Israel. Then they were treated as dispossessed foreigners.

    And there were other reasons why genealogy was deemed important to the Jews, but let's take a look at Joseph (the husband of Mary) in Christ's genealogy

    Matthew and Luke showed that Joseph was a legal parent, but not a biological parent to Jesus. Jesus was miraculously conceived in Mary through God the Holy Spirit. By virtue of being Mary's husband, Joseph was considered the legal father of Jesus. Since Jesus was born into Joseph's family, he was a legal heir. Through Joseph, Jesus obtained a rightful claim to the throne of David. Although Jesus was a legal descendant of Joseph, He was not a physical descendant. Luke's genealogy directly addresses this issue by stating Jesus was "supposedly" the son of Joseph
    (Luke 3:23). Clearly in those days, people had assumed that Joseph was the biological father of Jesus, when in fact he was not
    (Matthew 13:55).

    Who was Joseph's Father?
    Some bible critics believe that Matthew and Luke are in disagreement as to who Joseph's father was. Matthew states he was the son of Jacob, while Luke states that he was the son of Heli. Is there a problem here? The Jerusalem Talmud indicates that Mary was the daughter of Heli. Joseph was the son-in-law of Heli. Luke could rightfully call Joseph the "son of Heli" because this was in compliance with use of the word "son" at that time. Moreover, designating a son-in-law as a son was not unusual in those days. Thus, Joseph was the son of Jacob, and the son-in-law of Heli.

    Matthew's genealogy of Jesus
    Matthew wrote to the Jews to present Jesus as King of the Jews. This account is in
    Matthew 1:1-17. Matthew's genealogy traces the ancestors of Joseph, the legal father of Jesus. It begins by showing Jesus was a legal heir to the throne of David, by virtue of his lineage. This fact is immediately set forth in verse one, which states Jesus was the "son of David, the son of Abraham." His kinship to King David of Israel is mentioned before that of Abraham, the father of Israel.

    An Abridged Genealogy
    Matthew abridged the genealogy of Jesus by omitting some names that appear in earlier records. It could be that this aided in their memorization.

    Matthew indicated that there were 14 generations from Abraham to David, 14 from David to the Babylonian Captivity, and 14 from the Babylonian Captivity to Christ. The names of David and Jeconiah are repeated in this genealogy. Why? David's name was repeated because he was alive when the first division ended, and when the second division began. Possibly, Jeconiah's name may have been repeated because of a transcription error. Jeconiah's father was Jehoiakim. The names had similar spellings in Hebrew. Some ancient manuscripts contain both names so it is possible that a transcriber may have overlooked the different spellings and repeated Jeconiah's name. Or, maybe there is another explanation that I don't know about.

    Luke's Genealogy of Jesus starts in the bible in Luke 3:23-38. Luke was a medical physician. He wrote about the life of Christ from many interviews with Mary (the mother of Jesus) and from many interviews with the Apostles and with others. He accompanied the Apostle Paul on his missionary journies and wrote the books of Luke and Acts in the bible
    (Colossians 4:14, Luke 1:1-4, Acts 1:1).

    Luke wrote to (gentile) Greek Christians, while Matthew wrote to the Jews. Matthew's genealogy emphasized Jesus' claim to the throne of David. Since Luke's readers were less concerned about the fulfillment of Jewish prophecy, his genealogy focused on Jesus' descent from God.

    The differences between the genealogies of Matthew and Luke are varied in that Matthew traced the ancestry of Joseph, while Luke traced that of Mary.

    The placement of Luke's genealogy is after the baptism of Christ. When Jesus was baptized, God the Father said "This is my beloved son." Immediately following this event, Luke places the genealogy in the bible as proof.

    The genealogy of Luke ends by showing that Jesus was the "son of Adam, the son of God"
    (Luke 3:28). This emphasized the humanity of Jesus. Christians of Jewish descent originally considered gentile Greek Christians as inferior to themselves but this wrong belief was soon overcome by their great love for each other
    (Acts 15:1-31, Galatians 2:11-16). Luke's genealogy helped prove the fact that Jesus was the son of God. Since all men are created in the image of God (in will, emotion, and reason)
    (Genesis 1:26-27), this genealogical record may have been a source of encouragement to the Greek Christians.

    Are there any problems with these genealogical records?
    We can take a look at some of the apparent discrepancies between the records.

    Question: If Matthew indicated there were 42 generations from Abraham to Jesus, why do only 40 names appear in the genealogy?
    Answer: Matthew broke his genealogy down into three historic divisions, each of which contained fourteen generations. Two of the names are repeated. David's was repeated because he was alive when the first division ended, and when the second division began. It is commonly believed that Jeconiah's name was repeated because of a mistranslation. Jeconiah's father's name was Jehoiakim. The names had similar spellings. It could be that the oversight of transcribers caused the name to be repeated as some ancient manuscripts actually do contain both names.

    Question: Why is Matthew's genealogy inconsistent with Old Testament records?
    Answer: Matthew skipped generations. Matthew deliberately abridged his genealogy. This may have been to aid in memorization of the names. Old Testament writers also abridged their genealogical records so it was ok for Matthew to also do this
    (compare Ezra 7:3 with 1 Chronicles 6:7-10).

    Question: Matthew and Luke did not record the same names in their genealogies. Are these records in error because of this?
    Answer: No. Matthew and Luke traced two different family histories. Matthew recorded the ancestors of Joseph, the legal father of Jesus. Luke recorded the ancestors of Mary, the biological mother of Jesus. The difference of names is understandable since both authors listed different family trees.

    Question: Why did doctor Luke state that Joseph was the son of Heli, while the Apostle Matthew stated he was the son of Jacob?
    Answer: The Jerusalem Talmud states that Joseph was the son-in-law of Heli. Joseph's father was Jacob. It was customary with the Jews to refer to a son-in-law as a son in those days. So doctor Luke's statement was culturally correct and the holy bible is correct.

    The Infancy, Childhood, and Growth To Maturity of Jesus Christ

    Matthew describes the flight into Egypt, when Joseph and Mary took the child out of reach of the Judean king, Herod the Great, who wanted to kill Him. Luke relates the compliance of Joseph and Mary with the Jewish law, which required circumcision and presentation of the firstborn son at the Temple in Jerusalem. Luke also describes their later journey with the young Jesus to the Temple for the Passover feast
    (Luke 2:41-51).

    There is little known of the growing years of Jesus, other than one event mentioned in the bible when He was twelve years old:

    "When Jesus was twelve years old he accompanied his parents to Jerusalem for the annual Passover Festival, which they attended each year. After the celebration was over they started home to Nazareth, but Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem. His parents didn't miss him the first day, for they assumed he was with friends among the other travelers. But when he didn't show up that evening, they started to look for him among their relatives and friends; and when they couldn't find him, they went back to Jerusalem to search for him there. Three days later they finally discovered him. He was in the Temple, sitting among the teachers of Law, discussing deep questions with them and amazing everyone with his understanding and answers. His parents didn't know what to think. "Son!" his mother said to him. "Why have you done this to us? Your father and I have been frantic, searching for you everywhere." "But why did you need to search?" he asked. "Didn't you realize that I would be here at the Temple, in my Father's House?" But they didn't understand what he meant. Then he returned to Nazareth with them and was obedient to them; and his mother stored away all these things in her heart. So Jesus grew both tall and wise, and was loved by God and man"
    (Luke 2:41-52).

    The Gospels mention nothing concerning Jesus from the time he was 12 years old until the time he began His public ministry, about 18 years later.

    In the Bible there are 2,003 scriptures
    dealing with the poor

    And there are also many other things that Jesus did, which if they were written one by one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that would be written. Amen
    (John 21:25).

    More Scriptures For Reflection

    Because man brought sin and death into the world-
    "Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned (For until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law. Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come. But the free gift is not like the offense. For if by the one man's offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded to many. And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned. For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in condemnation, but the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in justification. For if by the one man's offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.) Therefore, as through one man's offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man's righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man's obedience many will be made righteous"
    (Romans 5:12-19).

    "Then Jesus, being filled with the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, being tempted for forty days by the devil. And in those days He ate nothing, and afterward, when they had ended, He was hungry"
    (Luke 4:1-2).

    "Let no one say when he is tempted, I am tempted by God; for God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does He Himself tempt anyone"
    (James 1:13).

    "God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high"
    (Hebrews 1:1-3).

    "For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him"
    (2 Corinthians 5:21).

    "For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin"
    (Hebrews 4:15).

    "And you know that He was manifested to take away our sins, and in Him there is no sin"
    (1 John 3:5).

    "For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life"
    (John 3:16).

    "For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh, that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit"
    (Romans 8:3-4).

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